Laminate wood, also known as laminate flooring, is a synthetic flooring product designed to resemble the look of real wood. It is a popular choice for homeowners and commercial spaces due to its durability, affordability, and ease of installation.

Laminate wood flooring consists of multiple layers that are fused together through a lamination process.


The typical construction of laminate flooring includes the following layers:

  1. Wear Layer: The top layer of the laminate flooring is a clear, protective wear layer that guards against scratches, stains, and fading. It is typically made of aluminum oxide or melamine resin, which provides excellent durability.
  2. Decorative Layer: This layer is a high-resolution image of wood grain or other natural materials, such as stone or tile. It gives the laminate flooring its desired appearance and can replicate various wood species, including oak, maple, cherry, or walnut.
  3. Core Layer: The core layer is the thickest layer of the laminate flooring and provides structural stability. It is typically made of high-density fiberboard (HDF) or medium-density fiberboard (MDF) materials. HDF is more commonly used due to its superior strength and moisture resistance.
  4. Backing Layer: The bottom layer of the laminate flooring is a moisture-resistant backing layer that provides stability and protects against warping or moisture damage. It is usually made of melamine resin or plastic.


Floor screeding is a process of applying a thin layer of material, known as screed, over a concrete subfloor or an existing floor surface to create a smooth, level, and even finish. It is commonly used in construction and renovation projects to prepare the floor for the installation of various types of floor coverings, such as tiles, laminate flooring, carpet, or vinyl.

The purpose of floor screeding is to rectify any irregularities or imperfections in the subfloor and provide a solid base for the final floor covering. It helps to achieve a level surface, improve the structural integrity of the floor, and enhance the overall aesthetics of the space.

Here are the basic steps involved in the floor screeding process:

  1. Preparation: The first step is to thoroughly clean and prepare the subfloor by removing any debris, dust, or loose materials. It is essential to ensure that the subfloor is dry and free from any contaminants that could affect the bonding of the screed.
  2. Bonding Agent (Optional): In some cases, a bonding agent or primer may be applied to the subfloor to improve adhesion between the subfloor and the screed. This step is particularly necessary when the subfloor is smooth, non-porous, or has a weak surface.
  3. Mixing the Screed: The screed is typically a mixture of cement, sand, and water, although there are various types of screeds available, including traditional sand and cement screeds, self-leveling screeds, and polymer-modified screeds. The screed is mixed according to the manufacturer’s instructions or the specifications of the project.
  4. Application: The screed is poured onto the subfloor and spread evenly using tools such as a straightedge or a screeding bar. The thickness of the screed layer depends on the specific requirements of the project and can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters.
  5. Levelling and Smoothing: Once the screed is spread, it needs to be leveled and smoothed to achieve a flat surface. This can be done using a screeding tool, such as a screed board or a power float, to eliminate any high or low spots and create a consistent level across the floor.
  6. Curing and Drying: After screeding, the floor needs time to cure and dry before further work or the installation of the final floor covering. The drying time can vary depending on factors such as the type of screed used, ambient conditions, and the thickness of the layer. It is essential to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for curing and drying times.

Floor screeding is a critical process to ensure a stable and level floor surface, providing a solid foundation for the chosen floor finish. It is often carried out by professional contractors with experience in floor preparation and screeding techniques to achieve the desired results.

Overall, laminate wood flooring provides an affordable and attractive option for those seeking the look of real wood without the higher cost and maintenance requirements.

Laminate flooring is now a staple in so many homes. It looks better, performs better, and feels better underfoot that ever before. With the look and texture of wood, laminate flooring is a tough and durable man-made product that is easy to clean, pet-proof and easy to install. Laminate flooring comes in attractive, authentic designs and styles.

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